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How Reproductive Technology Can Affect Your Estate Plan in Unforeseen Ways

On August 29, 2011, the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis held that an eight-year-old Iowa girl born two years after her father died is not eligible to receive his Social Security benefits.   If your grandmother, like mine, would have thought it was fishy that a child was born less than nine months after a wedding, imagine her reaction to learning that a child was born two years after the father’s death!

But with the use of assisted reproductive technology, like in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination, it IS now possible for a baby to be born more than 9 months after a parent dies. The use of assisted reproductive technology means that, if a parent preserves his or her genetic material (his sperm, her eggs, or their

Intentionally Defective Irrevocable Trusts: A Great Way to Transfer Wealth, Especially In Low Interest Rate Environments

The current low interest rate environment provides excellent opportunities to transfer wealth to family members.   One approach commonly used to accomplish this goal is to sell assets to an intentionally defective irrevocable trust (“IDIT”).  An IDIT is an irrevocable trust for the benefit of someone other than the creator of the trust (the “Settlor”), perhaps Settlor’s descendants.  However, the “intentionally defective” component of the IDIT means that, for income tax purposes, the assets in the trust will continue to be treated as owned by Settlor.  Thus, Settlor’s sale of assets to the IDIT will not result in income tax consequences.   Additionally, Settlor’s payment of income taxes on the income earned by the IDIT provides an additional means of reducing Settlor’s taxable estate, while allowing the benefits of the income earned by the IDIT to benefit Settlor’s descendants.

Typically, Settlor will take back a promissory note for the assets

Lessons from 9/11

Lessons from 9/11

September 1, 2011

Authored by: Stacie J. Rottenstreich and Karin Barkhorn

We are rapidly approaching the tenth anniversary of the September 11th tragedy. There is much to be learned from an estate planning perspective in the aftermath.  

Many of those who perished died without having executed a Last Will and Testament. If you die without a Will, the state in which you are domiciled at the time of your death will determine under the laws of intestacy where the property you held in your own name will pass. It takes many people by surprise, but the list of intestate takers or heirs may not be the people you want to inherit and they might not take in the percentages or shares you would want.

Why Do I need a Trust?

August 24, 2011

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Why Do I need a Trust?

August 24, 2011

Authored by: Alan Singer

In light of the increase in the estate tax exemption to $5,000,000, several clients of mine asked why they need a Revocable Trust if they don’t need advanced tax planning (at least in their minds).   The following discusses some of the reasons for doing so.

What is a Revocable Trust?

A Revocable Trust (also known as a “living trust” or an “inter-vivos trust”), is a legal arrangement in which the creator (referred to as a “grantor” or “settlor”) transfers, during life, all (or part) of his or her assets to a Trustee to be managed and administered pursuant to the terms designated in the trust until fully distributed to the beneficiary or beneficiaries.

Estate Planning for Digital Assets

What are digital assets? Generally speaking, “digital assets” are any type of data in which a person has some right or proprietary interest.  A person’s digital assets may include (but are not limited to) information in his or her email accounts, information saved on his or her Smartphones, his or her computer files, picture files, video files, music files, social networking accounts, blogs, websites, word processing documents, and spreadsheets. 

Do digital assets have value?  Many digital assets have value.  Like tangible assets, digital assets can have monetary value (for example, blogs that generate revenue, or intellectual property rights, which – in some cases – may be extremely valuable), or sentimental value (family photos or video files, for example).  For this reason, it is important to establish a plan for what should happen to your digital assets in the event of your death or incapacity.  It may be necessary to access the digital

Why Do I Need a Will? (Part II)

Why Do I Need a Will? (Part II)

August 12, 2011

Authored by: Kim Civins

(Please click here to see Part I of this series, entitled:  “Why Do I Need a Will?”)

If you divorce, you may need a Will (or an update to your existing Will) to prevent your ex-spouse from receiving assets at your death.

Here is a follow up to my post earlier this week.  In this recent article posted at AOL’s DailyFinance site, the author discusses the contents of Amy Winehouse’s U.K. Will.  The late Amy Winehouse had an ex-spouse, and the author mentions that English law may allow an ex-spouse to receive property bequeathed to him or her under their former (now deceased) spouse’s Will even if the divorce occurred after the Will’s execution.  This Forbes.com article implies that even if she had died without a Will at all, English law may look favorably upon an ex-spouse’s position and allow them to inherit.  Fortunately for Winehouse’s parents and brother, she

2011 Amendments to Delaware Trust Laws

August 10, 2011

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(This post originally appeared on Bryan Cave’s Fiduciary Litigation Team’s Blog.  Please click here to see the original post.)

Effective August 1, 2011, a number of new changes went into effect changing Delaware trust law. While the amendments make a lot of changes to the Delaware trust laws, below are some of the changes that are likely to have the biggest impact on litigation concerning Delaware trusts.

Wrongdoing:  The amendments have added a definition of “wrongdoing” to clarify its meaning within the definition of “wilful misconduct.”  For purposes of Delaware trust law, “wilful misconduct,” means “intentional wrongdoing, not mere negligence, gross negligence or recklessness.”  Apparently, there was some confusion over the meaning of “wrongdoing,” and, therefore, “wrongdoing” is now defined as “malicious conduct or conduct designed to defraud or seek an unconscionable advantage.”  To the extent that previously there was a benign interpretation of

Why Do I Need a Will?

August 9, 2011

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Why Do I Need a Will?

August 9, 2011

Authored by: Kim Civins

A friend of mine (in the industry) recently asked how to respond to this question. My friend’s clients are a young wealthy couple with a new child. That is all I know about these people, but I thought I would share my answer with you:

The three main reasons for having estate planning documents for this couple are (1) naming a guardian for their child, (2) establishing a credit shelter trust structure to save the first-spouse-to-die’s estate tax exemption, and (3) establishing a trust for minors to avoid a conservatorship.

Here’s a little more on each of these:

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